This type of hair loss occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles where the hair growth begins.
It can occur at any age, although it’s more common in men aged 15-29. Alopecia Areata usually begins when clumps of hair fall out resulting in smooth, round hairless patches on the scalp.
Although these coin sized patches are usually found on the scalp, they can occur anywhere on the body. Hair may also grow and break off, leaving short stubs called exclamation point hair.
In rare cases, complete loss of scalp and body hair occurs. In most cases of Alopecia Areata, hair will grow back within a few months. At first, hair may grow back fine and white, but over time it should thicken and regain its normal colour.
TELOGEN EFFLUVIUM (TE)
TE happens when there is a change in the number of hair follicles growing hair. Most often, the hair on top of the scalp thins more than it does at the sides and back of the scalp.
There is usually no hairline recession, except in a few rare chronic cases. TE, otherwise known as Diffuse Thinning or Diffuse Hair Loss, predominantly affects women but can also appear in men.
It can be caused by a lack of certain nutrients or as a side effect of illnesses including anaemia and thyroid conditions. However, another common trigger of this persistent hair loss condition is stress. This can be stress in the form of a sudden shock or trauma, including emotional stresses such as divorce or a bereavement. It can also be due to prolonged stresses like the pressure of work or family life.
DIFFUSE THINNING | CHRONIC TE
Hair thinning in women is linked to multiple factors such as weight, anaemia, diet or thyroid problems.
Generally, the hair follicle isn’t damaged and the hair grows back automatically once the imbalance is addressed.
In some cases, this does not happen and hair restoration treatments such as FUE are extremely beneficial.
This hair loss condition is gradual, caused primarily by force being applied to the hair through strain or tension.
It commonly results from the sufferer wearing tight hairstyles such as braids and ponytails or emotional pulling (trichotillomania).
The constant tension in the affected area either pulls out the hairs’ roots completely, or causes the follicles to become inflamed. Damage to the follicles causes them to fall out.
Scarring Alopecia also known as Cicatricial Alopecia, refers to a group of rare disorders that destroy hair follicles. Most forms of Scarring Alopecia first occur as small patches of hair loss that expand with time, causing permanent hair loss. In some cases, hair loss is gradual without symptoms and is unnoticed for long periods. Scarring Alopecia is associated with severe itching, burning and pain and can be rapidly progressive.
Some people go on to develop a more severe form of hair loss such as
Alopecia Totalis (no scalp hair) and Alopecia Universalis (no hair on the scalp and body).
FEMALE PATTERN BALDNESS
Female pattern baldness also known as Androgenetic Alopecia, is the most common type of hair loss.
It usually starts around the late twenties or early thirties. During female pattern baldness, hair usually only thins on top of the head.
This condition is male hormone-related, but isn’t caused by too much testosterone.
Instead, the hair follicles become sensitive to normal levels of male hormones but in a woman’s body.